Philosophy questions and answers

Philosophy

Is a distinction between actual and potential infinity philosophically significant?

I could use a little exposition on the significance of the distinction. I'm aware that potential infinities have arbitrarily large numbers, whilst actual infinities refer to the number "infinity" itself. However, I'm a little lost as to why potential infinities seem to be more epistemically esteemed; is it even feasible ....

Kennedy Kennedy: 8 hours ago

Philosophy

Can someone explain this logical statement?

I have been trying to teach myself philosophical logic, but my mind is completely stuck. I cannot seem to understand the abstractions, which is unusual for me given that I have taken very advanced mathematics. Taken from the book "A Short Introduction to Logic": "Suppose we think of the relevant ....

Riley Riley: 9 hours ago

Philosophy

can you express universal quantification ∀x(Px ≡ Qx) simply as Px ≡ Qx?

Is it permissible and normal to express the prop. ∀x(Px ≡ Qx) simply as Px ≡ Qx? That is, to treat the univ. quantifier as implicit if its scope is all the rest of the prop.? ....

Liam Liam: 15 hours ago

Philosophy

Physicalism versus dualism: is it reasonable to assign a burden of proof to one party?

I've been watching some video lectures online, and in some of the videos, the professor argues essentially as follows: Both the dualist and the physicalist believe in the body. This is status quo. The dualist then expresses a belief in the existence of the soul. Therefore, we can consider the ....

Carson Carson: 17 hours ago

Philosophy

What would Dawkins say about other minds?

If asked questions about other minds, how would/does he respond, and does/would he nest his response in physical science and reductionist/determinist models? Does he say that their existence is easily demonstrated? Doesn't need to be demonstrated? Other? ....

Easton Easton: yesterday

Philosophy

Question on causation

I have a question on causation Presuming transitive causation such as : A causes B causes C, Where we say A causes C Is it correct to say: A causes C in virtue of causing the effect that is B that then causes C Or A causes the cause of ....

Isaiah Isaiah: yesterday

Philosophy

What if the Evil Genius in Descartes' "I think therefore I am" put into our minds the action of doubting?

I am briefly aware of Descartes' argument that even if an Evil Genius made us believe that the world is real the fact that we can doubt this shows that we are thinking and that through thought we can exist... However, what if the Evil Genius put the action of ....

Weston Weston: yesterday

Philosophy

What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'?

Question What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'? Overview I tried to read https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/knowledge-analysis/#PragEncr but it was too dense + wordy (too many unnecessary complex phrasings) I also tried reading https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/pragmatic-encroachment-in-epistemology/ but it was equally unclear One of the biggest problems is that this term seems to not be sufficiently specific, and includes ....

Harper Harper: yesterday

Philosophy

Gödel's theorem and God

I have seen it argued that Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems have implications regarding the existence of God. Arguments for the existence of God run mostly along the lines: "Because of Gödel's Theorem, truth transcends human understanding, and therefore there is God". Arguments against God go like this: "Because of Gödel's Theorem, ....

Jacob Jacob: yesterday

Philosophy

Isn't a brain not just another vat?

The brain in the vat scenario seems unfinished to me: Let say we come to the conclusion that we are, or bettter I am a brain in a vat and all you are simulated by an external evil(?) demon. Ok, this would show two things: Evil demons exist next to ....

Lily Lily: yesterday